Pulmonology

What is PULMONOLOGY?

Pulmonology is the interior medication speciality field worried about the review, conclusion, avoidance and treatment of problems connected with the respiratory lot. This includes organs like the lungs, windpipe, throat, bronchi, voice box and so forth.

Specialists who work in Pulmonology are called Pulmonologists. They are expected to finish a 2 years graduate degree in Pulmonology subsequent to finishing MBBS.

Medicinal Pulmonology:

Like some other clinical field, Pulmonology additionally gives restorative treatment to the majority of the concerned sicknesses. Restorative pulmonology includes no type of a medical procedure or surgeries during the therapy.

Medications can be utilized to give help overall pulmonological cases like bothered Asthma, viral hacks, diseases and influenza.

Interventional Pulmonology:

Diagnosing diseases in the organs of the pulmonary tract is not very easy since these are internal organs. So, if a doctor doubts that any organ might be affected, they may prescribe Interventional Pulmonological procedures to be carried out.

Interventional Pulmonology involves various procedures. These procedures are essentially carried out to extract samples from the internal organs. These samples are then sent for further tests to determine the presence or absence of any disease-carrying agents. Based on these reports, the doctor then proceeds to diagnose (any) disease, determine its stage, intensity, damage caused etc.

Some common Interventional Pulmonological procedures are:

  • Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction (ELVR)
  • Bronchoscopy.
  • Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS)
  • Bronchial Thermoplasty (BT)
  • Radial EBUS and cryo-biopsy.
  • Dilatation/stenting of airways via flexible and rigid bronchoscopy.

Common Pulmonological Diseases:

Asthma: Asthma is one of the most common pulmonological diseases worldwide. The airways of an asthmatic patient become narrow and often swell, producing extra amounts of mucus. It can lead to inflammation, irritation and difficulty in breathing. 

Acute Bronchitis: Inflammation in the bronchial tubes is known as Bronchitis. This can cause cough, shortness of breath and production of thick mucus.

Lung Infection: Another common disease on the list is lung infection. This can be caused due to changing weather conditions, bacteria, viruses etc.

Lung Cancer: Lung Cancer is one of the most severe diseases in Pulmonology. Cancerous cells develop in parts of the lung and multiply rapidly. This leads to severe cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, thick mucus etc. Lung cancer can be developed by consumption of tobacco and alcohol, smoking, prolonged Asthma or other lung diseases, severe contact with pollution etc. 

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